St Helena - Travel to St Helena - St Helena
Located in the Atlantic Ocean on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, over 2000 kilometres from the closest major landmass, Saint Helena is one of the most remote locations in the world. The nearest harbour on the continent is Namibe in Southern Angola, and the closest international airport is the Quatro de Fevereiro Airport of Angola's capital Luanda. Although in reality the links to Cape Town in South Africa are used for most transportation needs such as the mail boat that serves the island, the RMS St Helena.
Other nearby islands
The island is linked with two isolated islands in the southern Atlantic, also British territories: Ascension Island about 1300 kilometres due northwest in more equatorial waters and Tristan da Cunha, which is well outside the tropics 2,430 kilometres (1,510 mi) to the south. The island is located in the Western Hemisphere and shares the same longitude as Cornwall in the United Kingdom. Despite its remote location, it is classified as being in West Africa by the United Nations.
The island of Saint Helena has a total area of 122 km2 (47 sq mi), and is made up largely of rugged terrain of volcanic origin (the last volcanic eruptions occurred about 7 million years ago). Coastal areas are covered in volcanic rock and warmer and drier than the centre. The highest point of the island is Diana's Peak at 818 m (2,684 ft). In 1996 it became the island's first national park.
Much of the island is coated in New Zealand flax, a legacy of former industry, but there are some original trees augmented by plantations, including those of the Millennium Forest project which was established in 2002 to replant part of the lost Great Wood and is now managed by the Saint Helena National Trust.